Genre: Open-World-Survival
Studio: Mojang
Publisher: Mojang
Rent a server
Rent a server
Genre: Open-World-Survival
Studio: Mojang
Publisher: Mojang

Minecraft Ore Distribution

Ore is one of the most important resources in Minecraft. Just like wood, it is one of the basic resources the game gives us. But we all know how hard it can be to find it. That’s because ore isn’t distributed evenly in the world. Some types of ore are harder to find in the deep, while others are very common on the same area. In this article, we show where you can harvest ore easily and what you can do with it. So take your favorite tool and let’s go down into the ground!

The Minecraft Ore Levels

Before we do a deep dive into the Minecraft ore spawn levels, we should explain some of the words we’re going to use. 

The values in the table are the altitude. That is the number of blocks above the lowest bedrock. So, if the altitude is 10, the ore is 10 blocks above that bedrock and an altitude of -10 means the ore is 10 blocks below.

The pickaxe level is the lowest pickaxe you need to mine the ore. Of course, any better pickaxe also does the job. If you try to mine the ore with any lower level pickaxe, you will loose the that ore. For example, trying to mine diamonds with a wooden pickaxe just destroys the block.

The highest spawn chance shows at what altitude the ore spawns the most. The total spawn range shows the lowest and the highest level the ore can spawn at. For example, the diamond spawn level ranges from -64 to 16, but it is easier to find at level -59. That value is different for every ore in Minecraft. Best levels to mine are, thus, also different. 

Ores also have a range of levels in which they cannot spawn. The „Does not spawn at“ row shows you where you will never find the ore.

Some ores can only be found in certain biomes. If that is the case, we show you where the ore can spawn.

Finally, note that these are the Minecraft 1.19 ore levels. 

And with that, let’s jump into our table:

The complete Minecraft Ore Table

BlockTotal Spawn Range Highest Spawn Chance Does not spawn at Pickaxe Level BiomeRarity
Coal0 – 320 95, 136 -64 – -1 Wood AnyExtremely Common
Copper-16 – 112 48-64 – -17, 113 – 320 StoneAny, Dripstone Caves have larger chunks Common, Extremely Common in Dripstone Common
Lapis Lazuli-64 – 64 -165 – 320 StoneAnyRare
Iron-64 – 320 15, 23273 – 79 StoneAnyCommon
Gold-64 – 32 -1633 – 320, 257 – 320 in BadlandsIronAny, Badlands have an increased chance to spawn it Very Rare, Rare in Badlands
Redstone-64 – 256 32 – 256 15 – 320 IronAnyRare
Diamond-64 – 16 -59 16 – 320 IronAnyVery Rare
Emerald-16 – 320 236-64 – -17IronMountains and Windswept Hills Rare
Nether Quartz10 – 127 10 – 114 128 or above WoodNether Extremely Common
Nether Gold15 – 116 15117 or above WoodNether Common
Ancient Debris 13 – 119 13 – 17120 aboveDiamondNether Extremly Rare

Tip: Smooth stone is not a type of ore, but getting it takes a similar process.

What to do with the Ore

Once you have the ore of your choice, you might wonder what you can do with it. First of all, getting a block of ore is actually not that easy. If you mine an ore block, you will normally destroy it and only get the resource it holds. So, mining a block of lapis lazuli does not give you a block of lapis lazuli ore but the lapis lazuli itself. If you want to get a genuine block of ore, you need to enchant your pickaxe with the silk touch enchantment.

Of course, you can use the ore blocks for building a house or a hideout. If you still want to get the resource hidden within the ore, you need to smelt the ore. Simply combine any ore with any fuel source and there you go. If the ore is gold, copper or iron ore, you will get a nice ingot instead. However, this method is actually less effective than simply mining the ore block. When smelting the ore, you will only get one piece of the resource, while mining an ore block gives you two or more. 

Once you have the resource, you can use it for basically anything you want. Armor, swords and pickaxes all require ore to make better. So if you find a block of ore, don’t hesitate to mien it for that sweet resource inside!

Conclusion about Minecraft Ore Levels

Getting ore of any kind is only the first step on your journey through Minecraft. Making better gear, gaining XP and exploring are all connected to finding ore in Minecraft. But to get ore with you friends, you should use the Minecraft server from G-Portal. Come together and mine to your heart’s content!

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